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Ethiopian river basins pdf

Much of the Fish Species Diversity in Major River Basins of Ethiopia: A Review Tadlo Awoke Mengesha Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Wollo University, Desse, P. National boundary. However, only about 3 per cent of water resources are used so far and only Shinfa River is located 46 km west from Shehedi town in the west direction, leaves Ethiopia by creating boundaries of the two woreda, namely Metema and Quara of North Gondar administrative zone. This accounts for around one fourth of the total transboundary basins and about one-third of the world's major international river basins (basins larger than 100,000 km2). However it is being severely affected by water shortages. After testing and validating sub-basin models, a water balance model of the entire Nile Basin will be developed. 367,400. Although all the waters in Burundi and Rwanda Mar 06, 2019 · 3D design showing parts of “Addis Abeba River Side Project” . Chaguana river basin, Gilgel Gibe river basin, Cau river basin is located southwest of Ecuador, south to west of Ethiopia, and north of Vietnam (Appendix Table 1). Box: 1145, Ethiopia Abstract: This review paper highlights fish diversity in major river basins of Ethiopia. ral lakes, 12 large river basins, over 75 wetlands, and 15 reservoirs. This includes the costs, rules and social and juridical frameworks – formal and (A. Egypt. Temperatures can exceed 40 degrees Celsius in the dry season. There is always some problem related to water in dry and deficit basins which impacted gis- based surface irrigation potential asssessment of river catchments for irrigation development in dale woreda, sidama zone, snnp m. Watersheds vary from the largest river basins to just acres or less in size. As a result, as Africa faces more problems with water, there could potentially be more fighting over how those river basins should be divided. The river originates at an elevation of about RIVER BASIN The SNNPRS has a large number of water bodies, perennial rivers and lakes that can be utilized for irrigation, hydroelectric power generation, fishery and essential domestic needs. The aim of this study was to assess if abiotic preferences of aquatic macroinvertebrates differed between three river basins in the tropics. gov/pdf/anderson. Water Issues Group. 2 Implementation Phases We assessed and compared abiotic preferences of aquatic macroinvertebrates in three river basins located in Ecuador, Ethiopia and Vietnam. com 2 Water Resources Research Institute, National Water Research Center, P. Ethiopian Energy Systems: Potentials, Opportunities and Sustainable Utilization v | P a g e Abstract Ethiopia is a nation endowed with huge amount of water, wind, solar and geothermal energy potentials. Hydrobiologia (2010) 649:301–315 303 123 River basin Ab b a y Tekeze Tekeze R ift Valley R Valley W abi She bele Projects Ethiopian ile 1 & D Lake Tana sub-bas 1 n Arjo- De d desa W olkaite A bay a sub basin W abi She bele Basin Total s c gec h n ger chem e s) r JO- ed desa um era olkaite u wa 1 b aya e s (h s U U tat us n der reparation n der reparation n der reparation n der reparation major river basins, which form four major drainage systems (Table 2): The Nile basin (including Abbay or Blue Nile, Baro-Akobo, Setit-Tekeze/Atbara and Mereb) covers 33 percent of the country and drains the northern and central parts westwards; The Rift Valley (including Awash, Denakil, Omo-Gibe and Central Lakes) covers 28 percent The Zambezi River basin is located in southern Africa and is one of the largest transboundary river basins in Africa, comprising eight countries (Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) (see Fig. In Ethiopia alone, there are 12 major river basins, out of which Mereb, Tekeze, Abbay and Baro-Akobo located in the western part of the country, form the Ethiopian part of the Nile Basin. The different Five-Year Plans which were elaborated prior to 1974 were not successful in formulating sound regional development policy or establishing an institutional framework for regional poverty reduction in the Genale Dawa River Basin and which makes optimum use of all natural, physical, human and animal resources with minimum possible adverse environmental impact; and, (ii) Preparation of three feasible projects for future financing. Its drainage basin is part of the East Print/export. You can help Wikipedia by writing articles to help lower the number of red links. However, less than 5 % of the potential has been exploited so far. [2] The only navigable river in Ethiopia. Note that the master plan studies focus mainly on medium and large-scale irrigation development, with little on small-scale irrigation and none related to RWH. The inset map shows the location of the Gidabo River Basin (red polygon) within the Ethiopian rift. , 2003bMore recently). The first actual exploration of oil and gas in Ethiopia took place in 1915, the license was given to a subsidiary of the British and American owned Standard Oil Company. Jul 21, 2017 · This shapefile contains river basins in Ethiopia. O. Summary of CPWF Research in the. The river spreads across 10 countries with an area of 3 × 10 6 km2 (Exhibit 2). Rwanda Nile Basin. The majority of the lakes are found in the Rift Valley Basin. PDFs are  Nile River Basin region based on actual and projected estimates of population The Nile River Basin is comprised of nine countries: Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, ( 2010). Following the general slope of the land westward, all except the Mereb drain to the Nile and thus to the Mediterranean. The characteristics of the river, or rivers, within the total basin system are related to a number of features. 5. It is quite common to observe the high concentration of 2. Water experts believe there is not enough water in the river to meet the various irrigation goals of the Nile basin nations. Its surface expression was the outpour of voluminous basalt flows, which stacked one upon the other This article may have too many red links. Expansion of the irrigation schemes in the Upper Valley is  river basin management / water governance / simulation models / reservoirs / International Water Management Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Konjit Mersha 2015). Hertie School of Governance (HSoG) Quartier 110 – Friedrichstrasse 180 . Apr 09, 2012 · Read "Hydrogeological and hydrochemical framework of Upper Awash River basin, Ethiopia: With special emphasis on inter-basins groundwater transfer between Blue Nile and Awash Rivers, Journal of African Earth Sciences" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Water and Climate Adaptation Plan for the Sava River Basin (Draft):. River levels have been increasing since mid The three largest river basins (Abby, Baro-Akobo and Omo-Ghibe) contribute 77% of the total runoff from catchments areas comprising 32% of the total area of the Country. Km2. Abel Girma 1,2, Dorjsuren  Ayesha River is an intermittent river of eastern Ethiopia. uk/cepmlp/journal/html/vol9/article9-12. Bernauer and Böhmelt (2014), applied pre-diction and forecasting methods to identify river basins that are May 27, 2014 · The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is a 6000 MW hydropower project on the Blue Nile, which the Ethiopian government plans to build to fulfill the country’s energy needs. grid. Unfortunately, all river basins in Ethiopia except for the Nile basin face water shortages. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of climate change on the Gilgel Abay River, Upper Blue Nile Basin. Ethiopia. Ethiopia delivers roughly 81% of water volume to the Nile through the river basins of the Blue Nile, Sobat River and Atbara. the 263 trans-boundary rivers or lakes and many hundreds of aquifers, the basins of which contain more than half the territory and population of the world . 2billion cubic me-ters from the Abbay, BaroAkobo and Tekeze river basins, Jan 14, 2016 · Water security implications of new water infrastructure are particularly complex for transboundary river basins, rivers shared by multiple countries. ratescenter. Both are extensional basins bounded by N-S striking faults which are assumed to be younger features that cross-cut older NE and NW striking faults of the area. soas. Importance of Wetlands in Ethiopia Wetlands have contributed a lot in the development of Ethiopia [24]. The Baro river is created by the confluence of the Birbir and Gebba Rivers, east of Metu in the Illubabor Zone of the Oromia Region. 3 1 Ministry of Water Resources, Addis Ababa 5744, Ethiopia, Leul_tad@yahoo. The total runoff from these basins was estimated around 122 BCM per year (Ethiopian River basin master plan studies). There was little detailed knowledge, in antiquity, of the hydrology of the Nilethe whims of ancient . basins, 1 lakes basin, and the remaining 3 are dry basins. unep. In the Awash basin, both the river and groundwaters have been monitored over the last 15 years (Personal communication to Ms. We investigated associations between physical-chemical variables and macroinvertebrate occurrences in one Ecuadorian, one Ethiopian and one Vietnamese river basin. Melesse et al. The Nile River Basin The 6850-km long Nile is the world’s longest river, and flows from south to north with a catchment basin covering ap-proximately 10% of the African continent (Exhibit 1). Parsons Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA • in Uganda, constraints and opportunities The Ethiopian highlands portion for fisheries • in the highlands of Ethiopia, rainwater management and land degradation as well as irrigated agriculture and growing competition for water. 22 Aug 2018 Ethiopia is endowed with plentiful amounts of water resources potential. Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), according to Egypt’s state-owned This river basins study was part of the U. " The Nile Basin covers an area of around 3 million km2, or nearly 10% of the landmass of the African continent, and is home to 160 million people. Eltahir 1Ralph M. longitudinally (along the length of a river channel), laterally (across a river channel), and vertically (from the river bottom to the surface) are significant to the hydrological regime and habitat types of a river. 1 Resource constraints The relationship between water, growth and development in Africa is about access as well as availability. pdf (accessed. ETHIOPIA HAS 12 RIVER BASINS. gwpforum. 27 Aug 2019 KEY WORDS: Awash River Basin · Climate change · General circulation models water resources of the Awash River Basin in Ethiopia. 6 Additionally, Trans-boundary Freshwater Dispute Additionally, almost 66% of Africa's 60 river basins are shared by more than one country. The keen interest to support the undertaking of master plan studies for the twelve major river basins of the country. 2). Out of these, two are dry, two are water surplus and eight of them are water deficit basins of different levels. pdf. dundee. The Awash River basin and the Rift Valley Lakes basin have special water quality problems to which attention needs to be paid. 6 billion cubic meters (MoARD, 2010). McLaughlin 1, and Elfatih A. It appeared that in the past Ethiopia was only utilizing the Awash River Basin for Agridev Consult. Nile River’s Basin Dispute: Perspectives of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) By Yohannes Yihdego, Alamgir Khalil & Hilmi S. inbo-news. By identifying hydrogeological setting and the head potential along the two basins’ surface water divide, this study will show the groundwater flow direction for possible IBGWT. Awash River Basin Awash is one of the ten main river basins in Ethiopia (see Figure 1), and it has a total drainage area of 110,000 km2. I also had a chance to examine archival documents in the Institute of Ethiopian Studies at Addis Ababa University and the National Archive in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. . Benthic fauna of Ethiopian mountain streams and rivers 3 by domestic and industrial pollution. http://www. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia April 16 to 18, 2013 Ethiopia is a landlocked country of some 1,104,300km2. pdf)  KEYWORDS: Nile river basin, power relations, change, unilateralism, cooperation, Ethiopia was not part of the Agreement and refused to acknowledge it. Baro- Akobo located in the http://landcover. These water resources can potentially be used for irrigation. 42 http://www. 9. 1 Dec 2015 The access ratio to improved drinking water sources in Ethiopia is 42% Assessment of groundwater potential in the Middle Awash river basin,. Yared Tsegaye. However, the challenge remains top on the Ethiopian water sector agenda. sc thesis basins of the Blue Nile River Basin (or Abay Basin) draining an area of 15 077 km². Nile River Basin. This corresponds to an average of 1,575 m3 of physically available water per person per year. the Tekeze and Abbay River basins are wet basins and contribute a lot of flood water as trans-boundary river systems to the downstream riparian countries of the Sudan and Egypt. Organizations (RBO) Riparian Countries. Micro and macro-dam construction and river impoundment have created innumerable large and small water bodies. org/pdf/reports/cotton eth 038. 1 Surface Runoff from Ethiopia’s Major River Basins 6 2. Coordinated management of the waters of the Nile is beginning to create syn-ergy in different countries and sectors, and con-tribute to overall cooperation. Cite chapter Early River Basin Development in Ethiopia Awash River basin in context of all Ethiopian river basins. The Blue Nile (Abay) and the other rivers coming from the Ethiopian Highlands contribute between 80 and 90 per cent of the Nile’s flow, In the colder highlands barley, peas, beans, and flax seeds are grown. 2. Box 13621 Nov 26, 2013 · The valley is a transitional climate as the topography slopes from the river gorge in the Ethiopian highlands to the lowland desert in Sudan. Download PDF (1. org The Global Water Partnership(GWP) is an pdf. 4 Changes in per capita water availability  Download scientific diagram | Ethiopian river basins map. country’s surface water resources are found within four major river basins—Abay (Blue Nile), Tekeze, Baro Akobo and Omo Gibe (Table 1 and Figure 1) and as can be seen in Figure 2 rainfall in the country ranges be-tween 2250 mm per year in the southwestern highlands and less than 200 mm in the North and South- -East with Ethiopian river basins is about 122 km3 (Table 2). 3. ISBN 978-92- 9090-680-3 Table 4: Irrigation Potential in the River Basins of Ethiopia . These are but three river basins in more than 300 transboundary water basins in the world, shared by billions of people and species, facing similar challenges due to uncertainty and change (TFDD 2015). The basin hosts an estimated 18. There are around 80 major transboundary rivers and lakes in Africa which cover nearly 62% of the continent’s total territory (Ibid, p. geography throughout the basin. Ethiopian fresh water systems classified into seven drainage basins. ac. are transferable across river basins. The Nile river basin has four main tributaries: the Upper Blue Nile, Atbara, Sobat and Bahr el-Jebel (Fig. The Awash River is prone to various types of pollution, with that generated in the urban conglomerate of Addis Ababa and surroundings being most pronounced. 19 May 2011 In this study, three SREs have been evaluated against collocated rain gauge measurements in Ethiopia across six river basins that represent  efficiency and the irrigation efficiency in Awash River Basin varies from 30 to 55. %. Nevertheless the 1959 Nile Waters Treaty, The last two days saw heavy rains in parts of Juba and Shabelle basins with some stations recording more than 100mm of rainfall. 2 Overview of Ethiopian irrigation 16 Ethiopia’s 9 major river basins and corresponding surface irrigation potential been trying to address this complexity with a number of approaches; river flow regime is one of them. river basins in Ethiopia. The Abbay, Baro-Akobo and Omo-Gibe basins account for about 76 percent of the total runoff from an area that is only 32 percent of the total area of the country (Table 3). 8 are river . Some of the major rivers of Ethiopia are listed below. We propose an ‘allocate-and-trade’ institution to manage the eastern Nile River Basin for Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt as the basin faces a new reality of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). As such its periodic rise was attibuted to Gods until the discovery of the role of the tropical regions, specifically the Ethiopian highlands"discovery" of its source. Some of the African river basins are shared by as many as eleven states such as the case of the Nile River Basin (Ibid). Page 5. 2 River basins of Ethiopia. And there are 13 international freshwater drainage basins that are each shared by between five Major River Basins of the World. Isotopes will characterize the role of groundwater in the wetlands and the Sudd swamps in the regional water cycle, improve assessment of groundwater–surface Estimation of evaporation over the upper Blue Nile basin by combining observations from satellites and river flow gauges Mariam M. Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of high resolution satellite-based rainfall estimates (SREs) across six river basins within Ethiopia during the major (Kiremt) and minor (Belg) rainy seasons for the years 2003 to 2007. The modern Blue Nile river cuts across part of the sedimentary basin. All of this is flood problems is the Awash River basin located in the Rift Valley. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Awash River, south of Addis Ababa. Figure 1 shows major transboundary river basins (small international basins are not shown). Sep 20, 2019 River Basin of Ethiopia. Downstream countries Egypt and Sudan have expressed concerns over the impacts of the dam on their water supply. The Awash river basin is one of the 12 river basins of Ethiopia. Kenya seminars/Case%20studies/Okavango. Preface. The Baro River is a river in southwestern Ethiopia, which defines part of Ethiopia's border with South Sudan. opment Master Plans Project, 1999) River Basin, has a drainage area of 15096 km2. Salem . 6 working/WOR98. Eritrea. environment. It is a long-term and resource intensive process to promote cooperation involving an internationally shared river basin; the examples are the studies around the Tigris and Euphrates [11–15] and Nile River [16–22] basins. 3 Physical geography and the riparian states of the river basins 3. www. Various scholars have Globally, the principal source of fresh water for human consumption is the river runoffs. My professional cartographic friend is not happy with my choice of color, as brown is not the color for water, but in the case of the Blue Nile, it is actually more accurate. The problem facing Egypt, Ethiopia, and the Sudan is a familiar one : management of the Nile River Basin is one of the greatest opportunities of the global http://www. There are 263 major river systems or basins that cross national boundaries and 85 percent of the river runoffs stem from those major international rivers. The Vietnamese river basin is characterized by a high population density, industrialization and sand/gravel mining . , in its regime, the Ancient Egyptians made early records of the river level with the aid of nilometers scales cut in natural During the week ending on 13 November 2017, the Juba and Shabelle river basins experienced heavy rains both inside Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands. to increasing population pressure. eg/En/pdf_files%20english/Brochure%20%20Eng. 5 billion m3 of ground water potential. Abay river basin is the most significant and the second largest basin in the country. The Wabi Shebelle river Basin in the ESRS is one of the 12 major river Basins in Ethiopia and potentially, is seen as an area where irrigated agriculture can contribute to local and regional economies. The Ethiopian highlands also received very heavy rains in the last River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa - A Policy Crossroads - Kindle edition by Claudia J. Addis Abeba, March 06/2019 – On February 21, residents of the city of Addis Abeba were lavished by yet another shining news from the current administration – this time in the form of an afternoon inaugural ceremony for a construction of a dream-like urban green park attended by the city’s deputy mayor Takele Mar 29, 2010 · Irrigation potential in Ethiopia . 1- 5, 2009 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Benefit sharing framework in trans-boundary river basins: The case of the The area is geologically comparable with hydrocarbon rich basins in the Middle East and is created from sedimentary rocks up to six miles thick or 10,000 meters. Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation Abstract- Transboundary river basins are under increasing pressure due to population growth, Drought Analysis in the Awash River Basin, Ethiopia Article (PDF Available) in Water Resources Management 24(7):1441-1460 · May 2010 with 3,569 Reads How we measure 'reads' found in the four river basins namely, Abay (Blue Nile), Tekeze, Baro Akobo, and Omo Gibe in the west and southwestern part of Ethiopia where the population is no more - than 30 to 40 per cent. uk/waterissues/papers/ 38363. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. 1). examine them within the context of the Nile River basin and the relationships Burundi, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda,. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa - A Policy Crossroads. also needed. Benefit sharing, conflict theory, cooperation, Nile river basin, riparian states, water denied other riparian countries, including Ethiopia, complete access to water prog4/events/adaptationworkshop260409/goulden-conway. The first two river basins viz. After the sudden death of the Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in 2012, however, a joint Egyptian, Sudanese, and Ethiopian committee was formed to evaluate the downstream effects of the dam. Ethiopia has 12 river basins that give the potential for irrigation and hydropower. 1 The Nile Basin,showing major tributaries and sub-basins 63 5. Wubeshet In Ethiopia alone, there are 12 major river basins, out of which Mereb, Tekeze, Abbay and. As a result, Integrated Water Resources Development Master Plans are already prepared and are being prepared for the various river basins of the country. This part of the basin is about 364,250 km2 Apr 21, 2016 · The river's mean annual discharge at its mouth is 241 m³/s (8,510 ft³/s). N regarding the legal status and delimitation of all administrative  For Africa. Highland, escarpment and rift floor approximately coincide to the following elevation ranges 2400–3207, 1800–2400, and 1170–1800, respectively. org | www. (Hydropower is the only source of power in the country. Aquatic Ecosystem Jun 21, 2019 · Of Ethiopia’s eight major river basins, only the Awash basin has any systematic monitoring (EMoWIE 2016), due to its relatively high economic significance compared with the other river basins. EEPCO conducted both an environmental and social-impact assessment to catalogue the people and species in the area. The factory is situated in the Abbay river basin, very close to the water divide line (Entoto mountains) between the rift valley (Awash river valley) and t he Blue Nile basin (Abbay river valley). berghof-center. The total average annual flows are estimated to be 50. ch/activities/sustainable/nile/nilereport. Transboundary aquifers and river basins. B. We find that a social planner could increase the region's economic welfare by assigning water rights to the riparian states. This basin is one of the major basins that significantly contribute to the livelihoods of tens of millions of people in the lower Nile River basin. The long-term mean annual rainfall varies from 93 mm in the Darror basin to 549 mm in the Lag Badana basins. The Blue Nile River Basin is one of the most sensitive basins to changing climate and water resources variability in the region [Kim and Kaluarachchi, 2009]. Location and elevation of Awash basin among the Ethiopian river basins. crops. BCEOM. pdf> (27. Com-mon challenges in the Amazon, Mekong, and Nile river basins include contemporary dam development, extensive land-use changes, resources, with its 12 major river basins, is impressive but its potential to exploit is scarcely developed (AQUASTAT, 2005). 23 FIGURE 5: Ethiopia’s 9 major river basins and corresponding surface irrigation potential Environmental Policy Review 2011: Lake Water Management in three Ethiopian Rift Valley Watersheds By Katie Graichen Executive Summary “Lake Water Management in Three Ethiopian Rift Valley Watersheds” is the fourth chapter in Environmental Policy Review 2011, a report produced by the Environmental Policy Group in the Proposed New Ethiopian Government Administrative Boundary System for Unified Nation Building Presented for National Debate By Engidashet Bunare (Water Engineer) and We propose an ‘allocate-and-trade’ institution to manage the eastern Nile River Basin for Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt as the basin faces a new reality of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). org/handbook/baechler/final. It comments on the approaches to and drivers of the Basin's institutional design, and (footnote continued) between nine and 11 countries. pdf . This is a list of streams and rivers in Ethiopia, arranged geographically by drainage basin. Uganda. mwri. <http://www. 1a). 4 Spatial patterns of seasonal flow in the Nile sub-basins,displayed as proportion of annual flow in each calendar month 67 transfer between basins, Awash River and Rift Valley Lakes using numerical ground-water modeling. As shown in the following table, the annual runoff from the six river basins which are suitable Water Sharing in the Nile River Valley UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva - DR i ABSTRACT The issue of freshwater is one of highest priority for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The Awash basin is divided into three parts upper, middle, and lower basins based on climatological, physical, socio-economic, agricultural, and water resources characteristics [5,21]. org/pdf/reports/cotton_eth_038. GRAND ETHIOPIAN RENAISSANCE HPP Two power stations with 16 Francis turbines generate 375 MW power with a total installed power of 6,000 MW and estimated production of 15,200 GWh per year At the end of the works, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will be the largest dam in Africa: 1,800 m long, 145 m high and with a total volume of 74,000 5 Data compiled from various master plan studies of river basins in Ethiopia. In 1959, Egypt and Sudan signed a bilateral treaty, the 1959 Nile Waters Agreement, which gave both countries exclusive maritime rights over the Nile waters. The Statistical Downscaling Tool (SDSM) was used to downscale the HadCM3 (Hadley centre Climate Model 3) Global Circulation Model (GCM) scenario data into finer scale resolution. M. 3 Schematic of Nile flows 66 5. It is estimated that over 85% of the Nile waters and sediment reaching Egypt originate from the Ethiopian highlands. Woodward1, Mark G. The Persistent Paradigm for ‘Modernizing’ 2 River Basins: Institutions and Policies in Ethiopia Abstract In view of the nearly unprecedented level of destruction of human life and natural resources from dam development, the question arises as to how such a policy could come into play without major questioning and challenge. Sudan. The lakes cover a total area of about 7400 km2 and the rivers cover a total length of about 7700 km2 [1]. N. The Nile Basin by its size, political divisions and history constitutes a major freshwater-related environmental resource and focus of attention. LIMNOLOGY- Limnology of the River Nile - Gamal M. Here, we use recent observations and climate models simulations to support the hypothesis that both the long-term mean and interannual variability of the Nile river flow may increase due to climate change. A waterfall on the Awash River laden with mud after a storm in central Ethiopia's Oromia Region. 09. Basins at Risk (BAR) project undertook for the first time a systematic global study of the causes of water conflict and identified in a quali-tative way 29 basins to be at potential risk of conflict (Wolf et al. Keith Patrick Garrett/GOST is not necessarily the originator of this data, if you have questions about this data please contact [email protected] Major Rivers Of Ethiopia Ethiopia's longest unique river is the Awash, while it's longest shared with other nations is the Nile. Carr. 10. River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa — A Policy Crossroads. Based on The Awash River Basin is the most intensively utilized river basin in Ethiopia due http://www . tRANsBOuNDARY RIVE’s BAsINs context. Trans-boundary river basins in Africa: opportunities and obstacles for inclusive and sustainable growth 8 2 Contexts 2. The Awash River is a national river and it never reaches the sea but is ultimately absorbed available in international river basins [4]. The flow regime can be quantified by means of hydrological indices characterizing five components: magnitude, frequency, duration, timing, and rate of change of flow. With its 3077 km², Lake Tana is the largest lake in the country and the source of the Blue Nile River. (April 2012) organization of the water sector institutions around the central concept of river basin/valley is a clear indication of the country’s desire to embrace river basin water resources management. usgs. pdf, 2000. Wind Ethiopia has total wind energy resource reserve of 3,030 Giga Watt and the potential exploitable quantity of is 1,350 Giga Watt. Sonbol2, Willems P. These dams were small enough not to cause political upheaval. Gibe III Project The Gibe III hydroelectric power project is located within the Gibe-Omo River Basin, in The different geological formation and climatic conditions have endowed Ethiopia with a vast water resources and wetland ecosystem including 12 river basins, 8 major lakes and many swamps, floodplains, and man made reservoirs with a total annual surface runoff about 110 billion cubic meter. Read more… 10. Among the known rift valley lakes, five of them are found in the region. They saw the need for establishing a faunal standard of reference derived from unpolluted sections in the main river systems The Organizational Structure of River Basin Organizations Lessons Learned and Recommendations for the Mekong River Commission (MRC) Paper Prepared for the Mekong River Commission (MRC) Final Draft, 10 June 2010 . Summary of CPWF Research in the Nile River Basin Three major river basins flow out of Ethiopia into Sudan, spatial scale, particularly in headwater catchments. This is the highland-lowland system where resources are not equally distributed but are dynamically The Blue Nile Basin is situated in the Northwestern Ethiopian Plateau and is bounded to the E and SE by the tectonic escarpment of the uplifted western flank of the Main Ethiopian Rift and to the N and S by the Axum–Adigrat and Ambo lineaments, respectively. The Sourcebook on Africa's River Basin. The construction of the Greater Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is causing substantial changes to the water utilization of the river that would significantly impact water supply to Egypt. The Baro River. Almost all the rivers in Ethiopia are seasonal and there are basically no perennial flows below 1,500 meters altitude. 0, 23. IWMI Working Paper 140 Inventory of Water Storage Types in the Blue Nile and Volta River Basins Robyn Johnston and Matthew McCartney With contributions from (in alphabetical order): THE GWP AND THE INBO A HANDBOOK FOR INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN BASINS 2 www. Analysis of Water Use on a Large River Basin Using MIKE BASIN Model – A Case Study of the Abbay River Basin, Ethiopia CP 19 Project Workshop Proceedings 71 Description of the study area Blue Nile River Basin lies in the western part of Ethiopia between latitudes of 7o 45`N and 12o 46`N; and longitudes of 34o 05‘E and 39o 45‘ E (Figure 1). Goher ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) abundant rainfall in the headwaters and arid conditions in Sudan and Egypt. The heavy rains A Large scale hydropower dam known as Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is under construction on the Blue Nile River just upstream of the Ethiopian-Sudan border in Ethiopia. from publication: Water Resources and Irrigation Development in Ethiopia | "This working paper  irrigation programs / irrigation potential / river basins / Ethiopia /. The GERD has an active storage capacity of more than 60,000 Mm 3 and is anticipated to produce 6000 MW of hydropower Ethiopia – Gibe III Hydropower Project – Trip Report – page 3 This report is provided to the public in fulfillment of Title XIII, §1303(a)(3) and does not reflect official USAID or USG policies or positions. 72. Ethiopia and its primary use in Egypt continues, almost one thousand years later, to motivate  78. 1 Surface Runoff from Ethiopia's Major River Basins. Upon using logistic regression models we analyzed the relationship between the probability of occurrence of five Cooperative management of a transboundary river basin, while being beneficiary, is usually a source of conflict [7–10]. The Ethiopian Rift is characterised by a chain of lakes of various sizes and hydrological settings. 3 million people [5]. The different geological formation and climatic conditions have endowed Ethiopia with a vast water resources and wetland ecosystem including 12 river basins, 8 major lakes and many swamps, floodplains, and man made reservoirs with a total annual surface runoff about 110 billion cubic meter. It is paramount,. gov. 3 District Mean Annual Surplus Flow Versus District Mean Percent of Water-Related Maintenance Cost 26 river basins and their innumerable tributaries is estimated to generate an economically affordable energy of about 260 TWH. Growth 2. The comparison is made using five-year (2003-2007) averages, and results are stratified by river basin, elevation and season. Area of Basin in Country. Ethiopia has also one of the largest livestock inventories in Africa (CSA, 2008; MoARD, 2010). On the other hand, the water resources available in the east and central river basins is only 10 to 20 per cent whereas the population in these basins is Proposed New Ethiopian Government Administrative Boundary System for Unified Nation Building Presented for National Debate By Engidashet Bunare (Water Engineer) and The drainage systems of Ethiopia can be classified as follows:-Drainage area A This is an area which comprises four important river basins, the Mereb, Tekeze, Abay and Baro. 8. In addition the country has 11 fresh and 9 saline lakes, 12 major swamps and a lot of crater lakes. PDF | The Awash River Basin faces land degradation, high population density, natural for Water Security: Evidence from the Awash River Basin of Ethiopia. Last destination of Shinfa River is a lake at desert area of Sudan, which is known as Alfa Jedida (lake is used for irrigation). The Ethiopian rift valley: geography and morphology. Most of the rivers in Ethiopia are seasonal and about 70 percent of the total runoff is obtained during the period June Aug 26, 2015 · Egypt, whose only water source is the Nile, in turn declared that it would not give up its share of the river's waters. Prepared by Susanne Schmeier . Summary. Ethiopian plateau and the three subbasins of the Eastern Nile lies between 5 N 330 E and 15 N 390 E with altitude ranges from 390m in part of BaroAkobo to over 4500m in the Tekeze river basin (MoWR, 2002). A visit to this part of Ethiopia offers the visitor a true safari experience. The study of watersheds as ecosystems, primarily the analysis of interacting biotic and abiotic components within a watershed’s boundaries. In Aswan High Dam Reservoir (AHDR) most of sediment (95%) comes from Abay and Tekeze Rivers in Ethiopia; which are 4 The Nile has traditionally been considered the longest river in the world. The combination Bouguer Gravity map (Figure 4), covering Ethiopia, Eritrea, the southern Red Sea, and the southwestern corner of the Arabian Peninsula, supports the interpretation of the sedimentary basin areas. In large river basins such as Nile River Basin, there are needs to study, understand, and quantify the impacts of these modifications on the hydrologic regime. Thus, the concerns relating to the use of international waters are becoming increasingly more important and complex. El-Shabrawy and Mohamed E. The names belongs to either to the towns (black) or river gauging stations (red). 10117 Berlin/Germany Water is an important natural resource. 3 Monthly flows in Ethiopia's river basins. Baro -Akobo, Wabe Shebele, Abay, Ghenale-Dawa, Tekeze, Omo-Ghibe, Ogadenbasin, Ayisha basin, and Rift Valley Lakes. Watershed Ecology. Among these river basins, Abay, Baro-akobo, Omo and Tekeze encompass 80-90% of the country’s total surface water resource. Both inland capture fisheries and aquaculture activities are concentrated around the many lakes and rivers in the Rift Valley, as well seven major river basins (Webe Shebelle, Awash, Omo, Juba and Blue Nile) – comprised of the Takeze, Baro-Akobo and Abbai; in the highlands of Ethiopia that provide water for the people, livestock, wildlife and riparian vegetation in the lowlands. The Nile River basin's environmental resources and its water provide the basin's upstream Nile River riparian states, including Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania,  African River Basins. 5%) of the basin area lies in Ethiopia and Present and future water resources development in Ethiopia related to research and capacity building Box 1: Goal of water resources management policy The overall goal of the water resources policy (WRP) is to enhance and promote all national efforts towards the efficient, equitable and optimum utilisation of the available Figure 1. Williams4 1School of Environment and Development, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK 2Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Aberystwyth SY23 3DB, UK 8 Table 4 Irrigation Potential in the River Basins of Ethiopia Basin Catchment from MIS 325 at Washington State University This note is a case study documenting the effectiveness of transboundary governance of the Nile River Basin. The water bodies of the country are categorized under three main drainage systems, which are again divided into sub- 12 river basins with an annual runoff volume of 122 billion m3 of water and an estimated 2. It is situated between latitudes of 7°53′ N and 1 2° N and l ongitudes of 37°57′ E and 43°25′ E [23]. Table C-3. However, in recent years, some Brazilian and Peruvian studies have used a different definition of the length of a river to suggest that the Amazon is longer. Ethiopia is often referred to as the “water tower” of eastern Africa because of the many rivers that pour off its high tableland. The Baro River area, accessibly by land or air through the western Ethiopia town of Gambela, remains a place of adventure and challenge. Similarly, this study aimed to understand the flow variability of Ethiopian Ethiopian Major River Basins • Blue Nile River has an average annual run off of about 52 B m 3. 6 - 6. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version  17 Feb 2010 within Ethiopia and the whole of the Nile River Basin (Guariso and Whittington Niño PDF toward larger net present values. , 2014). The Southern Rift Basins The Omo and Chew Bahir basins lie within the broadly rifted zone of the southern Ethiopia bordering northern Kenya. Blue Nile and Ethiopia Basins calibration results . It is located in the coun-try’s north–west highlands (latitude 12 00N, longitude 37°150E) (Figure 1). 2 Rainfall Variability: National, Tigray, and Arsi 8 3. production potential of Ethiopian river basins is estimated to reach. The connection between basins is a relatively unexplored and po- morphometric analysis of Kito and Awetu sub-basins is of prime importance to prioritize the sub-basins for watershed management practices. 1. 17th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies Nov. Adding to potential UN-OCHA. pdf ( accessed 4  Water allocation modeling was conducted for Awash River Basin of Ethiopia using MODSIM. The three river basins are prone to similar pressures. Groundwater Resources Assessment in the Middle Awash River Basin The access rate to improved drinking water sources in Ethiopia is 42% (96% in urban   24 Jul 2019 between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, Mason's work is indispensable for national, regional and transform conflict in an international river basin. It is then joined on its left bank by its chief affluent, the Germama (or Kasam) River, before turning northeast at approximately 11° N 40° 30' E as far north as 12° before turning completely east to reach lake Gargori. Awash River Awash River Basins The Awash River is a major river of Ethiopia. These features include the size, form and geological characteristics of the basin and the climatic conditions which determine the quantities of water to be drained by the river network. Figure 1 - General project location Figure 2 presents the main characteristics of the Ethiopian river basins. ) However, when rainfall is low or non-existent, rivers can dry up, threatening crops and taking away the only source of electricity. J. Validation of Satellite-Based Precipitation Products over Sparsely Gauged African River Basins VERA THIEMIG Water Resources Unit, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Ispra, Italy, defined as river basins or watersheds. Climate change is likely to have severe effects on water availability in Ethiopia. •. According to materials published by the Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency, the Awash River is 1200 kilometers long. Ethiopia is a nation full of beauty and culture. Ever since, Egypt under international law vetoed almost all The Nile: Evolution, Quaternary River Environments and Material Fluxes Jamie C. In the river basins cotton is grown as a cash crop and in the warmer lowlands people grow spice, sugarcane and some fruits. Figure 1. The total mean annual flow from all the 12 river basins is estimated to be 122 Billion Metric Cube (BMC) [34]. The country is hydrologically divided into 12 major river basins. ( 1998). The total mean annual flow from all the river basins is estimated to be 122 billion cubic meters and the ground water potential is estimated at 2. Different methods have been developed for morphometric analysis and applied in many river basins and sub-basins in different parts of the globe [4, 12-18]. The Ethiopian sector of the East African Rift system extends for more than 1000 km in a NE-SW to N-S direction from the Afar depression, at Red Sea-Gulf of Aden junction, southwards to the Turkana depression. Over the years, there have been many dams built over the river of varying size and capability. transboundary river and lake basins in Africa. Gumera catchment is situated at the eastern side of Tana basin and is one of the major catchments around Lake Tana having related to resources in regions, river basins, depressed areas, metropolitan areas There was, however, nothing done to implement the proposal. 2002). Mohammed Gedefaw 1,2,* , Hao Wang 2, Denghua Yan 2,*, Tianling Qin 2, Kun Wang 2,. Managing Water Resources to Maximize Sustainable. Democratic Republic of the Congo. Fluctuations in both abiotic and biotic characteristic features of the Nile water are discussed. Because most remaining major easily exploitable sources of freshwater are now in river basins that are shared by two or more sovereign States [2, 5]. The region comprises three important river basins and one lake basin. Allam 1, Anjuli Jain Figueroa , Dennis B. e. Governing the Nile River Basin: The Search for a New Legal Regime. Dec 21, 2016 Download chapter PDF. Continuing North, it then widens into a plain (the Danakil Depression) and continues, splitting into two branches to form the basins of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Aquatic Ecosystem this point onwards, the river flows northwards through the Sahara desert, where precipitation is less than 100 mm per year. 04 MB) indicates a possibility of moderate to heavy rains in two river basins both in Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands. Irrigation  determine the possible outcomes of the Nile River Basin conflict. , the Omo River valley and Chew Bahir rift valley. • This basin contributes an average of 62% to Nile river. Three transboundary basins—the Amazon, Mekong, and Nile—demonstrate how similar water security challenges manifest risks and possible solutions differently. Figure 1: Political Boundaries of the Nile Basin Figure 2: The Nile River System differently in the two major pastoral areas of the country--in the Awash River Basin and in the Borana Zone of Oromia Regional State, whic h are discussed below. 1). Hydrology of the River Nile is influenced by both climate and . 2 Rainfall Variation Around the Mean and GDP Growth 20 3. The designation used does not imply the expression of any opinion of the U. 's Transboundary Waters Assessment The country has 12 river basins. However, regardless of its enormous potentials the energy system is highly dependent on traditional fossil Mar 01, 2013 · The Battle of Adwa is known locally as 1886, the Ethiopian calendar year for 1896. has 12 river basins [23], which includes Danakil basins, Awash. However, regardless of its enormous potentials the energy system is highly dependent on traditional fossil Ethiopian Energy Systems: Potentials, Opportunities and Sustainable Utilization v | P a g e Abstract Ethiopia is a nation endowed with huge amount of water, wind, solar and geothermal energy potentials. The Ethiopian Central Rift Valley (CRV) is part of the Great African Rift and Conceptual Differences between River Basin and Regional Planning . In this study, three SREs have been evaluated against collocated rain gauge measurements in Ethiopia across six river basins that represent different rainfall regimes and topography. Europe and Central A mapping of the regions can be seen in a separate PDF file, Figure1. Five Economic Analysis of Large-Scale Upstream River Basin Development on the Blue Nile in Ethiopia Considering Transient Conditions, Climate Variability, and Climate Change Paul Block1 and Kenneth Strzepek2 Abstract: The upper Blue Nile Basin in Ethiopia harbors considerable untapped potential for irrigation and large-scale hydropower Managing Shared Basins in the Horn of Africa : Ethiopian Projects on the Juba and Shabelle Rivers and Downstream Effects in Somalia Horacio Ferriz and Gebeyehu Bizuneh: WATER RESOURCES 364 The development of the Ethiopian hot spot, which eventually was going to lead to formation of the Afar triple junction, dates back to the early or middle Tertiary. Three major river basins flow out of Ethiopia into Sudan, constituting the Eastern Nile basin (the White Nile   Basins in the Ethiopian part of the Nile Basin by. the south along the border with Kenya, i. Ethiopian freshwater bodies although Ethiopian is a land locked country, it has a number of lakes and Rivers. The Nile – the world’s longest river – runs through 10 countries, four of which are "water scarce. Shabelle river basins in the south and in the mountainous areas of the Gulf of Aden in the north-west. Claudia Carr. interactions with subsurface water. 1 The Shabelle river Originating from the Bale Mountain in the Ethiopian highlands, at an altitude of about 4 230 meters above sea level, the total basin area of the Shabelle river is 297 000 km2 [6]. Ethiopia has an annual flow from its rivers amounting to 122 BCM. But the effects of climate change on water availability (with respect to water resources analysis, management, and policy formulation in the country) in the Water, conflict, and cooPeration: lessons from the nile river Basin Basin states are interdependent and their development is inevitably linked to the river’s hydrologic cycle. They AT-SITE AND REGIONAL FLOOD FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF THE UPPER AWASH SUB – BASIN IN THE ETHIOPIAN PLATEAU Leuleseged Tadesse1, Mohamed A. The basin contains a 1400m thick section of Mesozoic May 29, 2018 · Such projects would continue to try in identifying the current bottlenecks in water resources management at federal and basin level, and plan actions to help the government and River Basin Authorities deal with climate change. 283-295 - Fish remains from the Plio-Pleistocene Shungura Formation, Omo River basin, Ethiopia The full text of this article is available in PDF format. 6 and 8. Ecosystem. While the maximum annual rainfall in the Ethiopian and Kenyan parts of change on the Nile river flow. transboundary river basin (Awulachew et al, 2008, p. 2 Mean annual precipitation,mean annual potential evapotranspiration and humidity index for the Nile Basin 64 5. Macklin2, Michael D. In the weyna dega temperate zone, where Imdibir Peasant Association is, coffee, tobacco and chat are grown with enset supported by the rearing of River Basin Organizations The aim of this paper is to examine the role of specific extreme climate events in triggermg cooperation or conflict in one of the larger transboundary river basins in Africa, the River Nile Basin, and the ways in which cooperation or conflict provide opportunities for or Below is DRAFT version of a map I am working on to show where the Renaissance Dam is located and the extent of the expected reservoir. The Blue Nile Basin is a major geological formation in the northwestern Ethiopian Plateau formed in the Mesozoic Era during a period of crustal extension associated with the break-up of Gondwana, and filled with sedimentary deposits. 1 Access to Water Supply: Millennium Development Goals 17 3. Heavy rainfall often causes flooding, especially along the Awash River and in the lower Baro-Akobo and Wabe-Shebelle river basins. Krom3 and Martin A. The two main tributaries have very distinct hydrologic regimes. There is an alphabetic list at the end of this article. The Soil and Governing the Nile River Basin Kimenyi, Mwangi, Mbaku, John Published by Brookings Institution Press Kimenyi, Mwangi and John Mbaku. Source: UNEP 2001. AS Map Source: UN-OCHA sub-basins such as Lake Victoria and Lake Tana in the Ethiopian highlands. 45. Indeed, the area has a long history of irrigation schemes from the 1960s, with ETHIOPIAN WATER SECTOR STRATEGY Conduct preliminary investigations of the whole river basin leading to a broad idea of plans for the remaining river basins RIVERS OF ETHIOPIA. In Bay region, Qansax Dheere and Dinsor stations recorded a total of 426mm and 376mm respectively while Baidoa town received 125mm in the last 10 days. Jan 1, 2011 Figure 1. Nearly two-third (63. ethiopian river basins pdf

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